A Derivative instrument is defined as a financial contract whose value depends on the value of one or more underlying assets such as foreign exchange rates, interest rates, commodity prices, and equity. Manage your investment risks through Global Markets.
A contract where two parties agrees to exchange periodic interest payments over the contracted period. The amount of interest exchange is based on some predetermined principal amount, which is referred to as the notional amount. The interest payment is fixed on one leg and floating on the other leg. On every payment date, the interest is settled on a net basis.
The reason why the client enters into IRS is to hedge against future rise/fall in interest rates.
An Interest Rate Swaption gives you the right (but with no obligation), as a borrower of substantial funds, to enter into an Interest Rate Swap at an agreed interest rate on a set date in the future.
A Cap option represents an insurance against the rate of interest on a floating rate index used to price a liability rising above a certain predetermined level (strike).
Meanwhile, a Floor option provides a certain payout should the floating rate index goes below the predetermined strike rate.